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HIV and AIDS NGOs Crisis in Botswana

Type: 
Article
Author(s) and Title(s): 
Zolani A. Kraai (Mr)
Theme: 
Struggle Continues..
Description: 

Gaborone - Dating back to the years between 1993 and 2003, the formation of Non Governmental Organisations or either referred to as Civil Soviety Organisation, has been overwhelming and as such even at the same it created a room for diverse collaboration and effective coordination in the fight against HIV and AIDS in Botswana. Prior to those years, the government of Botswana actually benefited a lot to the formation of NGOs hence previously government was struggling alone in implementing some of the national developments as per periodical plans illustrated.

As the approach and existence of AIDS roamed the world, Botswana was not excluded in as far as the escalation of the scourge is concerned and of now Botswana is described as of the countries that is highly affected by the epidemic, at a prevelance of 17.6%. The governement of Botswana has over the years put in place efforts that saw the country growing rapidly, of course with the contribution of the raw materials such as diamonds and the cattle/beef industry.

The AIDS scourge saw and contributed to the slash cuts in budget earmarked for developements thus development funds diverted to HIV and AIDS at an annual fiscal financial expenditure budget of about P420 million, equivalent to $64, 638,000.

If this amount of money is spent on only HIV and AIDS, what about other social determinents that are supposed to be taken care of, of course in collaboration by both goverment and donor funding agencies? I we saying the government can sustain this expenditure for over the next 20 years? If the answer is yes, depending on the country GOP and other source of resources, are we actually going to sustain our lives and developments with the scope in which our NGOs are coping nowdays particularly in Botswana?

Botswana has over the years been described as model of good governance and transparent democracy and shing example of true reflective and effective democratic leadership but are these memoirs going down the drain especially in the areas of leadership and governance in the Non Governmental Organisation enclave in Botswana.

For the past years Botswana has been doing well in the fights agaunst AIDS with efforts outlined under the National Strategic Framework and the then Mid term Review plans. Good examples are shown in the areas of free roll-out of ARVS to its citizens and of late the results of PMTCTC at 98% have clear shown the government's committment.

However, all these efforts have been crumbled by the continued deteroration of poor leadership and governace within the NGO sector in Botswana. Although the situation can be termed as "red alert"government continues to pump in more money to some if not majority of these NGOs. Some of these NGO have acyually introduced a so called "founder syndrome" which has actually built it roots from networks operating in the field of HIV. Some of these founders have been at the helm of the organisation for the past 10 years thus cretaing no room for change, lack of transparency, poor leadership and governance ethics, etc.

So, if we are going to be able to persue, attract, and looby donors and funding agencies to our respective countries then we should introspect. Gone are those days when we would remain in power just because we have formed and can call the shorts, dictate terms of what, how the organisation should be run.

Publisher Name: 
Zolani A. Kraai
Date: 
4 Jul 2011

Difference between Ottawa Charter and Jakarta Declaration

Type: 
Article
Author(s) and Title(s): 
Mr. Amrit Banstola
Publisher Name: 
Amrit Banstola

Malaysian Aboriginals: The Sorry State of Health

Type: 
Article
Author(s) and Title(s): 
Malaysian Aboriginals: The Sorry State of Health
Theme: 
Indigenous Peoples
Description: 

Enclosed are two news articles: a report by Malaysiakini (an online news portal) on disclosures made by Dr. Selva Vathany Pillai concerning malpractice and the misappropriation of resources by hospital authorities at the Gombak Hospital.

This hospital was specially set up to provide health care services to the Orang Asli (translated as “original peoples”) who are the aboriginal peoples of Peninsular Malaysia.

The second, from a local daily theSun, details the lack of action taken by the authorities despite the shocking disclosures.

The Orang Asli (comprising 18 ethnic subgroups) make up some 0.6 percent of the Malaysian population with the highest level of poverty, lowest life expectancy and highest rate of malnutrition, infant mortality and maternal mortality.

Under the law, all aspects of their lives are ‘managed’ by the Orang Asli Affairs Department (JHEOA). In short they are wards of the state with limited autonomy over their own affairs.

Publisher Name: 
Evelyne Hong
Date: 
18 Mar 2010

Focus on Human Resources is the Best Medicine

Type: 
Article
Author(s) and Title(s): 
David Sanders (Prof, School of Public Health, University of Western Cape and PHM Steering Council Member) & Bridget Lloyd (PHM Global Coordinator)
Description: 
The National Health Insurance (NHI) - in essence a pooling of public and private resources for healthcare - will potentially increase significantly funds for health, and therefore, it is assumed, improve access for all South Africans to a wider range of services.
Publisher Name: 
Cape Times
Date: 
20 Jul 2009

A user-friendly guide/toolkit for applying the human rights-based framework

Type: 
Other
Other: 
Toolkit
Author(s) and Title(s): 
UN Staff in Viet Nam
Description: 

A Human Rights Based Approach. A User-friendly guide from UN Staff in Viet Nam for UN staff in Viet Nam (UNCT/Viet Nam/ 2009)

Publisher Name: 
UNCT - Viet Nam - 2009
Taxonomy upgrade extras: 

Democracy, people and some burning questions

Type: 
Paper
Author(s) and Title(s): 
Mathura P Shrestha (President, Physicians for Social Responsibility, Nepal)
Publisher Name: 
This paper is prepared as a country-keynote to South Asian People’s Assembly 2008 (People SAARC 2000), July 18-20, 2008, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Date: 
18 Jul 2008

Centre Europe - Tiers Monde (CETIM) Publications

Type: 
Webpage
Author(s) and Title(s): 
CETIM
Description: 

The CETIM Publication The Right to Health and many other related documents in English, French and Spanish can be found at the CETIM website.

Publisher Name: 
CETIM

WHO's Commission on the Social Determinants of Health Reports

Type: 
Report
Author(s) and Title(s): 
World Health Organization (WHO)
Description: 

The Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) supports countries and global health partners to address the social factors leading to ill health and inequities. It draws the attention of society to the social determinants of health that are known to be among the worst causes of poor health and inequalities between and within countries. The determinants include unemployment, unsafe workplaces, urban slums, globalization and lack of access to health systems. Visit the CSDH pages.

Download the final report.

Publisher Name: 
WHO

WHO World Health Statistics

Type: 
Webpage
Author(s) and Title(s): 
WHO
Description: 

WHOSIS (WHO Statistical Information System) lets you access the most recent statistical data compiled by the WHO.
Visit WHOSIS.

Publisher Name: 
WHO
Taxonomy upgrade extras: 

The Public Health Observatory Handbook of Health Inequalities Measurement

Type: 
Book
Author(s) and Title(s): 
Roy Carr-Hill and Paul Chalmers-Dixon - edited by Jennifer Lin
Description: 

This handbook provides a comprehensive collection of material for those concerned to document and understand health inequalities. By Roy Carr-Hill and Paul Chalmers-Dixon, edited by Jennifer Lin. Download it here.

Publisher Name: 
South East Public Health Observatory (SEPHO)
Taxonomy upgrade extras: 

Pages